Real estate is property consisting of land and anything that’s affixed to it, such as

buildings, structures, roads and other infrastructure. It can be either residential,

commercial, or industrial. Real estate also includes the rights to use the land’s

natural resources, such as water and crops. Real estate is a significant investment

that can be held individually or by entities such as companies and governments.

People often invest in real estate as a way to generate income or capital gains, or


Most people think of homes when they hear the word real estate, but there are

many other types of real estate. For instance, commercial real estate refers to retail

stores, office buildings, warehouses and other similar structures. Industrial real

estate is similar, but it’s used for manufacturing and processing instead of housing.

Residential real estate can include single-family homes, apartments or condos.

Other types of residential property include mobile homes and manufactured housing.

These properties are generally rented out to tenants. For more info


Land development is a key component of real estate. Developers turn raw land into

profitable, marketable developments — residential, commercial or industrial. The

process involves site selection, planning and layout, obtaining financing, contracting

for the physical structure and construction management. Once the building is

finished, developers promote the property to prospective buyers.

Real estate agents and brokers help individuals, companies and other businesses

buy and sell real estate. Agents are licensed to act as a liaison between buyers and

sellers, and their primary duties are to locate potential properties that meet the

clients’ needs, then negotiate a deal that’s mutually beneficial.


There are several different types of real estate agents, including buyer’s agents and

seller’s agents. Buyer’s agents are licensed to assist home purchasers, and their

responsibilities are to find properties that meet the clients’ criteria, compare prices,

and assist with the legalities of the purchase process. Seller’s agents are licensed to

represent homeowners seeking to sell their property. They typically advertise the

property in multiple listing services, arrange and conduct open houses, and market

the property to buyers.


A broker is a real estate agent who has undergone additional training and is licensed

to supervise other agents. A broker usually works with both buyers and sellers and

receives a portion of each agent’s commission for their work. Some brokers run their

own brokerages, while others work under larger, national brands.

The real estate industry is important to the economy because it provides jobs and

stimulates the economy through investments. People also rely on real estate to

shelter themselves and their families, so demand for housing is a critical factor in

real estate. However, real estate values are volatile, and investors must carefully

research each investment before making a commitment. Those who choose to

invest in rental properties are usually interested in quick turnaround or long term

profit, and they use a variety of strategies to achieve their goals. Those who

specialize in development create new properties, while sales and marketing

professionals promote the properties they develop.